Eclipse 2017 Resources and Activities for Interpreters

Some Thoughts to Get You Started

The total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017 presents a unique opportunity to engage visitors about our planet, our Sun and Moon, the Solar System and our place in the universe. Total solar eclipses are powerful emotional experiences that also can be used to help connect visitors with the scientific process, science results, human endeavors, and cultural history. This article provides some prompts for interpreters looking for ways to tie this event to themes of their site.

Explore resources and activities:


Safe Viewing
Annular Eclipse Viewing Grand CanyonObtaining Eclipse Glasses
Primary Eclipse Websites
Background Info
Locate a Subject Matter Expert
Share On Social Media
Activities for Outdoors
Make and Take Activities
Citizen Science
Elementary Classroom or Jr. Ranger
More Advanced Classroom Activities
Focus on the Moon
En Español
Visual Resources
Brochures/Posters/Handouts
Eclipse Stories
Scientists Talk About Eclipses
Eclipse Stamps!




Safe Viewing

people using solar viewing glassesNASA and American Astronomical Society Info on Safe Viewing

https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/safety

https://eclipse.aas.org/eye-safety

NASA/AAS Safety Sheet in Spanish

 https://eclipse.aas.org/sites/eclipse.aas.org/files/AAS-Solar-Eclipse-Safety-v170210e.pdf



Obtaining Eclipse Glasses:

Warning - Unsafe glasses are on the market!

pdfRead this bulletin explaining how to tell if your glasses are safe.

According to the AAS, four manufacturers have certified that their eclipse glasses and handheld solar viewers meet the ISO 12312-2 international standard for such products:

Rainbow Symphony https://www.rainbowsymphonystore.com/collections/eclipse-glasses-safe-solar-viewers

American Paper Optics http://www.eclipseglasses.com/

Thousand Oaks Optical http://www.thousandoaksoptical.com/ecplise.html

TSE 17 http://tse17.com/


Primary Eclipse Websites

Eclipse emblemNASA’s Total Solar Eclipse of 2017 Website  

A rich repository of information, downloadables, activities, etc. https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/

NASA’s Eclipse Web Site

This site provides information on all sorts of eclipses – follow links to find when and where solar and lunar eclipses occurred throughout history, info on eclipse photography and more: http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipse.html

 

American Astronomical Society

https://eclipse.aas.org/  

National Park Service

https://www.nps.gov/subjects/naturalphenomena/eclipses.htm


Background Info

What Is An Eclipse?

NSTA's Eclipse Basics

An excellent, easy to read resource  http://static.nsta.org/extras/solarscience/SolarScienceInsert.pdf

Astronomical Society of the Pacific 

A list of resources including books and articles https://www.astrosociety.org/education/astronomy-resource-guides/eclipse-resource-guide/#7

The Exploratorium: About Eclipses

https://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/about

Videos/Archived Webinars

Earth to Sky Webinar Series   Eight archived webinars.  Learn from NASA experts about the science and mechanics of a total solar eclipse, the nature of our Sun, recent research about Earth’s Moon, and how the Sun-Earth-Moon system interactions affect life on our planet; Learn about and gain access to a variety of eclipse-related hands-on activities and many NASA eclipse resources; Explore ideas for interpreting the eclipse, including ways to tie this amazing celestial event to natural and cultural themes at your site; and Gain tips for viewing and photography of the eclipse

Eclipse basics from NASA Edge  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YqdKNoS_070

The Cosmic Connection Between Earth and Sun - the Magnetosphere


Locate a Subject Matter Expert for Your Eclipse Event

NASA Eclipse Subject Matter Expert Database

Use this map to locate and contact experts who are available to participate in eclipse events. Each expert has submitted an application to NASA for inclusion in this database which includes a brief bio and contact information for each individual. 

https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/sites/default/file /2017_solar_eclipse_SME_s_map.html

Solar System Ambassadors

The Solar System Ambassadors Program is a NASA public engagement program that works with motivated volunteers across the nation to communicate the excitement of NASA's space exploration missions and information about recent discoveries to people in their local communities. To arrange for a Solar System Ambassador event in your community, click the Directory tab, select your state or territory and review the Ambassadors' biographies detailing their areas of interest and expertise. Following the biography is a list of events conducted by the Ambassador to further aid in decision making. Ambassadors can also be found via last name. Inquiries about an Ambassador's availability should be made by sending an email directly to the individual.   https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/ssa/home.cfm

Night Sky Network

To locate an astronomy club near you, use the interactive map here: https://nightsky.jpl.nasa.gov/club-map.cfm  If you would like to inquire about members who may be travelling to your area during the eclipse, use the online form here:  https://nightsky.jpl.nasa.gov/contact.cfm


Share Your Event on Social Media

Flickr

NASA encourages you to upload to this Flickr page, pictures  and videos of your eclipse events, artistic impressions, community outreach activities, etc. to this Flickr group or Instagram. Make sure you include your name or your club or organization's name and a description of the image/video. 

https://www.flickr.com/groups/nasa-eclipse2017

 


Activities for Outdoors

Why Eclipses Don't Occur Every Month:

Scale Model of Sun and Earth

Print and cut out this full color image of the Sun and corresponding image of the Earth to conduct a simple activity demonstrating the size of the Sun and its distance from Earth. https://sunearthday.nasa.gov/2007/materials/solar_pizza.pdf

Demo of Why Scale Matters

Our Magnetic Sun Outreach Toolkit

This ToolKit provides activities and demonstrations that explore the Sun and its powerful magnetic fields, how these fields generate the features we observe, and how the Sun's magnetic activity affects our way of life and technologies here on Earth. Videos help show how to conduct the activities.

https://nightsky.jpl.nasa.gov/download-view.cfm?Doc_ID=496

Modeling Eclipses With a Yard Stick  

Use a yardstick and simple markers to model the eclipse.  https://nightsky.jpl.nasa.gov/docs/ModelMeaningfulEclipses2016.pdf

Mount Nose (LHS/GEMS) Moon Phase/Eclipse

Demonstration in which people act out the motion of the Earth (the nose equates to a mountain on Earth) and Moon

http://lhsgems.org/GEMSpdf/Space3-5sampler.pdf

Moon Phase Demo/Activity

(caution: use only with 3rd grade and up, as in younger children it can produce significant misperceptions that are difficult to correct) https://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/education/moonphases-20100913.html


Make and Take Activities

SMEbeadsSolar/UV Beads

These beads can be purchased from a variety of vendors and used in many ways to demonstrate the power of our sun. The beads change color when exposed to ultraviolet light rays. People can experiment to see how much UV light penetrates water, clouds, sunglasses, clothing, etc. The beads can also be part of a discussion about the various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum, colors of light, etc. And you can show NASA images of the Sun taken with special instruments that measure UV light such as the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) The UV beads can be combined with conventional beads and made into keychains, bracelets, zipperpulls, etc. for a simple make and take project. 

pdfBead_take-away.pdf

pdfExplore UV light with beads activity

 

 

Paper Plate Sundial

Easy and inexpensive connection to the universal concept of time! pdfPaper Sundials - Telling Time with the Sun

Pinhole Projector Box

http://static.nsta.org/extras/solarscience/chapter3/3.10PinholeProjectionInABox.pdf

Build Your Own Kid-Friendly Eclipse Viewer for Under $20

Terry Richardson, senior instructor of astronomy and physics at the College of Charleston, developed and is sharing instructions for this eclipse viewer. Essentially a crude telephoto lens, the device consists of a few small slats of plywood, a couple of lenses, rubber bands, paper and popsicle sticks. (Disclaimer: Though we encourage reuse and recycling of materials, ETS does not recommend obtaining materials out of dumpsters.)

Article: http://today.cofc.edu/2017/06/13/solar-eclipse-viewer-diy/

YouTube Link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=301&v=iDG2KDWB8Ew 

Instructions: http://richardsont.people.cofc.edu/safe_solar_folder/index.html 


Citizen Science Eclipse Projects

GLOBE Observer  - How Cool is the Eclipse? 

The Earth is solar-powered. So what happens when the Sun's light is blocked, even temporarily? If you measure air and surface temperature, how cool is the eclipse?  Help us answer these questions and others by collecting citizen science data using the GLOBE Observer app during the Total Solar Eclipse on August 21st, 2017.  

- Observe how the eclipse changes atmospheric conditions near you
- Contribute to a citizen science database used by scientists and students to study the effects of eclipses on the atmosphere
- Provide comparison data even if you are not in the path of totality

This is a fun activity that can be done whether you are in the path of totality or experiencing a partial eclipse.
https://observer.globe.gov/science-connections/eclipse2017

Sawwhet owlLife Responds 

There is some evidence that plant and animal life react to the environmental changes that occur during a total solar eclipse. As the sky darkens and the temperature drops, birds reportedly stop singing, spiders may tear down their webs, and gray squirrels retreat to their dens, among other observed behaviors. Much of these reports, however, are anecdotal or documented with captive animals. The California Academy of Sciences invites citizen scientists to record eclipse-related animal behavior.
https://www.inaturalist.org/projects/life-responds-total-solar-eclipse-2017

Eclipse Soundscapes

The Eclipse Soundscapes project will use a specially designed app to allow citizen scientists to record environmental sounds before, during, and after the August 21, 2017 eclipse. These recordings will be shared across the world in order to give everyone the opportunity to experience the awe of a total solar eclipse. (NPS and NASA are partners)  http://eclipsesoundscapes.org/ 

Eclipse Megamovie 

The Eclipse Megamovie Project will gather images of the 2017 total solar eclipse from over 1,000 volunteer photographers and amateur astronomers, as well as many more members of the general public. We’ll then stitch these media assets together to create an expanded and continuous view of the total eclipse as it crosses the United States. https://eclipsemega.movie/

Citizen CATE 

Though participation is now closed, you may hear about this project and want to be informed. The Citizen CATE Experiment will use a fleet of telescopes to observe the total solar eclipse of 21 Aug 2017.  As the shadow of the moon travels across the continental USA, citizen astronomers from more than 68 sites will take images of the brightness of the inner solar corona. https://sites.google.com/site/citizencateexperiment/


For the Elementary Classroom or Summer Camp/Jr Ranger Camp

Many of these can be easily adapted for an interpretive setting, but take a little extra time; some are meant for indoor use.

Eye on the Sky activities.

Eye on the Sky was a NASA-funded effort designed for use with  grades 1-3. Many of these activities are easily adapted for an interpretive setting. Some favorites are, How Can the Little Moon Hide the Giant Sun? What Makes Shadows? and How Big is the Sun? http://www.eyeonthesky.org/ourstarsun.html

Exploring Magnetic Field Lines

This activity uses a bar magnet and small compasses for participant exploration of Earth’s magnetic field; it is also a good way to demonstrate why solar prominences are always “loops.” https://sunearthday.nasa.gov/2007/materials/magnetic_field_lines.pdf

Earth’s Bright Neighbor

Children ages 8 to 13 select from a variety of fruits to construct a scale model of the Moon, Earth, and Sun. After determining the correct sizes and distances for their models, they remove the Moon. They consider what it would be like if the nearby Moon were no longer reflecting the Sun’s light in the nighttime or daytime sky. Allow 30 minutes for this activity.

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/explore/marvelMoon/activities/whatIf/brightNeighbor/


More Advanced Classroom Activities

GLOBE

If you’ve ever wanted to do an experiment where you could dim or turn off the Sun the way you can a desk lamp, nature is providing a rare opportunity on August 21st, 2017.  The GLOBE program offers a number of suggestions for simple research questions that students and citizens can explore using the GLOBE research protocols https://www.globe.gov/web/eclipse/overview

Iron Filings and (2-3D) Magnetic Field Lines

This is a more involved activity that would be best with older grade levels http://cse.ssl.berkeley.edu/SEGwayed/lessons/exploring_magnetism/Exploring_Magnetism/s1.html#act2

british astronomers in 1900 at Wadesboro NCDiscover the Solar Eclipse of 1900 in Historic Wadesboro, NC: A Lightning Lesson from Teaching with Historic Places

This STEAM lesson turns students into historians and scientists when they investigate an American town where scientists made history. It features primary-source documents (map, text, and photograph) from the 1900 event and optional activities delve into the mechanics of eclipses, global perspectives on them, and even the issue of light pollution in American communities. This latest addition to the award-winning series from NPS Cultural Resources incorporates the best of the Agency’s efforts to interpret American experiences and resources. https://www.nps.gov/subjects/teachingwithhistoricplaces/lightning-lesson-004_wadesboro-nc-total-eclipse.htm

Math Challenges!

Use math skills to solve these problems related to eclipse. These would be great to also share with teachers, even after the eclipse.
https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/math-challenges


Focus on the Moon

Collected here are a few educational activities related to the eclipse that particularly highlight the Moon (the central player in the solar eclipse!), recommended by NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter education team.
https://lunar.gsfc.nasa.gov/eclipseactivity.html


En Español

The NASA eclipse website has a collection of Spanish resources including a safety sheet https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/espanol

Additional Resources:
Strategies for Engaging Bilingual Audiences Handout
More Key Ingredients for Engaging Latino Families
Share these Eclipse Videos in Spanish


Visual Resources

Images

Total Solar Eclipse Sequence Image by Rick FienbergEclipse  

NASA’s Eclipse Image Gallery  https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/image-gallery

Images from the AAS  https://eclipse.aas.org/resources/images-videos

 

 

 

 

NASA Sun Image SDOSun 

NASA Sun Gallery https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/sun/galleries

Images and Articles https://www.nasa.gov/sun

 

 

 

 

 

 

NASA Moon ImageMoon

NASA Moon Gallery https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/moon/galleries

Images and Articles https://www.nasa.gov/moon

 

 

 

 

 

 

DISCOVR Mission image of Earth Earth

New Blue Marble https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/galleries/new-blue-marble

Apollo 17 https://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/earthday/gall_whole_earth.html

EPIC  https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/nasa-captures-epic-earth-image

Apollo 8 https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=36019

Earth at Night https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/new-full-hemisphere-views-of-earth-at-night

GOES 16 https://www.nasa.gov/image-feature/new-weather-satellite-sends-first-images-of-earth 

Blue Marble 2002 https://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=57723

Blue Marble plus Moon https://visibleearth.nasa.gov/view.php?id=54388

Movies

NASA Eclipse Animations https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/Gallery/suneclipse2017.html

Video from the AAS https://eclipse.aas.org/resources/images-videos

Rice University Eclipse Animations http://space.rice.edu/eclipse/eclipse_animations.html

Moon Phases and Libration https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4537


Brochures/Posters/Handouts

NASA’s Eclipse Downloadables Page

Copyright free materials you can print https://eclipse2017.nasa.gov/downloadables

Solar "Pizza"

A scale model of Sun and Earth with basic info on our Sun

https://sunearthday.nasa.gov/2007/materials/solar_pizza.pdf


Eclipse Stories

These multi-cultural eclipse folktales were researched and recorded by professional storytellers Cassandra Wye and Fran Stallings at the request of the Lunar and Planetary Institute, to engage a variety of audiences, particularly in preparation for the August 21 2017 Total Solar Eclipse. The stories were selected and performed to engage a variety of ages. The project includes 11 audio recordings and one video recording which incorporated both subtitles and ASL sign interpretation.  All are welcome to use these. Support for the eclipse stories provided by the Institute for Science of Exploration Targets node of the Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute located at Southwest Research Institute.

http://www.lpi.usra.edu/education/explore/eclipse/


Scientists Talk About Eclipses

Interviews with several American scientists about their experiences with eclipses, what makes eclipses interesting scientifically, and tips for observing the Great American Total Solar Eclipse of August 21st, 2017.

http://multiverse.ssl.berkeley.edu/Eclipse_Interviews


Eclipse Stamps!

image of heat sensitive eclipse stampThe Postal Service has released a first-of-its-kind stamp that changes when you touch it. The Total Eclipse of the Sun Forever stamp, which commemorates the August 21 eclipse, transforms into an image of the Moon from the heat of a finger.

https://about.usps.com/news/national-releases/2017/pr17_020.htm